How much will a ground source heat pump pond mat system cost for a commercial building?
In this example, a cascaded ground source heat pump system fed by a pond mat ground array, could cost in the region of £83,000 – £100,000 and earn £350,000 – £450,000 income from the Non Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive.
Example: Project & Finances
Kensa has calculated example costs to illustrate the upfront finance required for a cascaded ground source heat pump system and pond mat array for a commercial building, compared to an LPG system.
Expected running costs and Non-Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) income are also included.
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Heat Pump Specification
|System architecture||Cascaded central plant|
|Total heat pump capacity||120kW|
|Equipment type||3x 45kW Plantrooms|
|Potable DHW temp||Space heating only|
|Integral immersion heaters||No (DNO friendly)|
|Ground array type||Pond mats|
|Pond mats required||x24 plus header pipework|
|Lake area required - no flow||6000sq/m|
Total Project Costs, Savings & Returns vs LPG
|System||Kensa Ground Source Heat Pump & Ground Array||LPG Boiler|
|Lifetime Expectancy: Appliance||Up to 20 years||Up to 10 years|
|Lifetime Expectancy: Infrastructure||Up to 100 years||-|
|Carbon Saved (over 20 years)||800 tonnes||0 tonnes|
|Local NOx emissions*||0kg NOx/y||12.09kg NOx/y|
|Appliance & Infrastructure Cost**||£83K to £100K||£7K|
|Running Costs (over 20 years)***||£350K to £400K||£450K to £550K|
|Servicing Costs (over 20 years)****||£0||£2K|
|RHI Income (over 20 years)*****||£350K - £500K||Not eligible|
|Net cost (after 20 years)******||£0K - £83K||£459K - £559K|
*NOx emissions based on 56mg/Kwh for gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) boilers (1800 run hours) **Costs are for the supply and installation of the Kensa heat pump and ground array only, and the supply and installation of the LPG boiler equipment only. Costs for supply and installation of internals such as radiators, underfloor and heating controls are not included, please speak to your plumbing contractor. ***Based on electric at 15p/kW/hr and COP of 3. Based on LPG at 40p a litre and 85% efficiency ****Ground source heat pumps have no requirement for annual maintenance. However, it is good practice for the heating distribution system to be proactively checked and maintained to ensure optimum performance. *****The NON-DOMESTIC RHI is a 20 year index linked funding stream which assumes inflation at 3%. ******Net cost for LPG does not include an additional LPG boiler, which will likely need to be factored in during the 20 year comparison period due to the LPG’s 10 year average lifetime expectancy.
For illustrative purposes only
Case study: The Old Farmhouse
The owners of the Old Farmhouse in Lancashire replaced their old, inefficient LPG boiler with a cascaded ground source heat pump system from Kensa to provide heating and hot water to three separate dwellings, thus benefiting from the Non Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI).
- Working agricultural farm and c1900 farmhouse;
- Converted barn and stable buildings;
- Cascaded ground source heat pump system;
- 1x 24kW Kensa Twin Compact for heating;
- 1x 21kW Kensa Hybrid for heating and hot water;
- 12x pond mats submerged in pond.
If a commercial premises has a high demand for heating and hot water, then modular cascaded ground source heat pumps provide an effective solution to meet the heat load of the property.